Research and Studies
There were numerous research works conducted on intellectual property and infringements of intellectual property rights, as well as detrimental consequences caused by infringements of these rights to various branches of industry and entire economy, and the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights at EUIPO published, independently or in cooperation with other authorities, a number of studies dealing with these issues.
The study titled Intellectual Property Rights Intensive Industries and Economic Performance in the European Union stands out as particularly noteworthy in showing that intellectual property rights intensive industries accounted for 39% of economic output and 26% of employment in the European Union and indicating that intellectual property rights intensive industries are integral to GDP, employment and trade; furthermore, they accounted for most of the EU’s trade with the rest of the world having thus generated a trade surplus. Wages paid to employees in these industries are 46% higher in relation to wages in other industries; IPR-intensive industries have also proved most resilient to negative impacts of the economic crisis.
The next particularly noteworthy study is titled European Citizens and Intellectual Property: Perception, Awareness and Behaviour dealing with perception of intellectual property by citizens of the European Union and their attitudes and habits towards copyright-protected content and other subject matter of protection.
The 2017 Situation Report on Counterfeiting and Piracy in the European Union was published as a result of joint project prepared by the EUIPO and EUROPOL, with many pieces of information related to the problems of counterfeiting and piracy, containing also cases from practice and indicating the ever growing role of new technologies, particularly the Internet, in distribution and dissemination of products or content infringing intellectual property rights.
A range of studies was published on the issue of counterfeiting and piracy in individual industry sectors facing these problems. Reports are focused on actual financial losses incurred to these sectors, additionally expressed through job losses in the European Union and reductions of expected revenues. The aforementioned studies, and a number of other studies prepared by the EUIPO, are available at the following link.
Studies and reports prepared by other international or European organisations and associations dealing also with counterfeiting and piracy problems are available at the following link.